President Obama Wanted To Revisit the Assault Weapons Ban

NEWTOWN, CT - DECEMBER 14: A woman holds a child as people line up to enter the Newtown Methodist Church near the the scene of an elementary school shooting on December 14, 2012 in Newtown, Connecticut. According to reports, there are about 27 dead, 18 children, after a gunman opened fire in at the Sandy Hook Elementary School. The shooter was also killed. (Photo by Douglas Healey/Getty Images)
Photo by Douglas Healey/Getty Images

Read the rest of Slate’s coverage of the Sandy Hook school shooting.

It took until the second presidential debate, the town hall one where Obama recovered his momentum, for the campaign to turn to gun laws. The moment was brief. Nina Gonzalez, one of the New York voters in the line-up, asked the president what “your administration done or planned to do to limit the availability of assault weapons.” The president gave a meandering, careful answer, with one piece of news.

We’re a nation that believes in the Second Amendment, and I believe in the Second Amendment. We’ve got a long tradition of hunting and sportsmen and people who want to make sure they can protect themselves.

But there have been too many instances during the course of my presidency, where I’ve had to comfort families who have lost somebody. Most recently out in Aurora. You know, just a couple of weeks ago, actually, probably about a month, I saw a mother, who I had met at the bedside of her son, who had been shot in that theater.

And her son had been shot through the head. And we spent some time, and we said a prayer and, remarkably, about two months later, this young man and his mom showed up, and he looked unbelievable, good as new.

But there were a lot of families who didn’t have that good fortune and whose sons or daughters or husbands didn’t survive.

So my belief is that, (A), we have to enforce the laws we’ve already got, make sure that we’re keeping guns out of the hands of criminals, those who are mentally ill. We’ve done a much better job in terms of background checks, but we’ve got more to do when it comes to enforcement.

But I also share your belief that weapons that were designed for soldiers in war theaters don’t belong on our streets. And so what I’m trying to do is to get a broader conversation about how do we reduce the violence generally. Part of it is seeing if we can get an assault weapons ban reintroduced. But part of it is also looking at other sources of the violence. Because frankly, in my home town of Chicago, there’s an awful lot of violence and they’re not using AK-47s. They’re using cheap hand guns.

And so what can we do to intervene, to make sure that young people have opportunity; that our schools are working; that if there’s violence on the streets, that working with faith groups and law enforcement, we can catch it before it gets out of control.

And so what I want is a – is a comprehensive strategy. Part of it is seeing if we can get automatic weapons that kill folks in amazing numbers out of the hands of criminals and the mentally ill. But part of it is also going deeper and seeing if we can get into these communities and making sure we catch violent impulses before they occur.

My emphasis. The president had avoided the gun issue up to that point. And that made sense. Democrats did not re-introduce the assault weapons ban when they had control of Congress. Starting in 2011, a new Republican majority in the House made it obvious that no such ban would move. And this started very early in their term, when Rep. Gabrielle Giffords was shot in the head by a gunman with an extended clip. Rep. Carolyn McCarthy, who has become one of the few remaining, consistent gun control advocates in the House, introduced a bill to ban the sale of those clips. It got nowhere.

According to the AP, the suspected shooter in Newton, Connecticut used a .223 caliber rifle to kill up to 30 people, mostly children. We don’t know what kind of rifle exactly, but Guns and Ammo recently reviewed that caliber, discussing whether it was the best kind for home protection.

When using rifle ammunition with projectiles designed specifically for personal defense, such as Winchester’s new .223 PDX1 loadings, fragmentation is assured. Bullets striking an intruder will separate into smaller, lighter pieces and—most likely—not overpenetrate and exit the body as errant shrapnel. All of the energy generated will then be transferred into the target. If the round fired is a miss and hits only wood or drywall, the projectile will break apart into smaller pieces—while these are still dangerous, their potential for injury, or penetration of additional walls, is much less than a pistol bullet or buckshot pellet. Many SWAT teams are using M4-type rifles, and overpenetration, when your teammate may be on the other side of the wall, is a major concern.

So: We have a president, who doesn’t need to fret re-election, who wants to restrict weaponry “designed for soldiers in war theaters.” We’ll eventually have a clear idea of what weaponry was used, and how it was purchased. And we have a Congress that, recently, had no interest in moving on any of this.