Behold

This 1940s New York Paper Wasn’t a Top Seller, but It Ran Great Photographs 

Bosun of U.S. Lines’ American Importer Tells His Men, Most of Them in Their 20s, How Much Liberty They’ll Rate in London, March 1946.

Morris Engel, courtesy Steven Kasher Gallery

During its brief lifetime, there was no mistaking PM New York Daily for any other newspaper.

The tabloid, which existed between 1940 and 1948, didn’t run advertisements. Catering largely to workers and unions, it was an unabashed crusader against economic and racial inequality, fascism, and, as its first issue stated, “people who push other people around.” And it gave more space for photographs than any of its competitors.

Now, more than 75 photographs from the paper’s archives, culled from private collections, are on display at New York’s Steven Kasher Gallery in the exhibit, “PM New York Daily: 1940-48,” which runs through Feb. 20.

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“We focus on the staff photographers and we try to show [PM’s] different battles—the battle for unions and workers, the battle for living conditions, the battle for civil rights and equality,” said curator Anais Feyeux.

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More Coming, Pearl Reep, Belle Dodds, and Ruth Hassen, All of Flushing, Covering Their Heads as They Walk Along Chambers St., February 1946. 

Bernie Aumuller, courtesy Steven Kasher Gallery

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Out After 6 Years. Standing Miserably Amid Their Furniture Outside Their Three-Room Apartment at 2650 E. 7th St., Brooklyn, March 1948. 

Irving Haberman, courtesy Steven Kasher Gallery

On May 13 the Day, Yiddish Newspaper, Where 42 Employees Are On Strike, May 1941.

Gene Badger, courtesy Steven Kasher Gallery

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The Critic, Opening Night at the Metropolitan Opera, Nov. 22, 1943. 

Weegee, courtesy Steven Kasher Gallery

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Two Members of Gang Known as the Mott Street Terrors Waiting to Be Interviewed for Admission, Madison Settlement House, New York City, March 1941.

Martin Harris, courtesy Steven Kasher Gallery 

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PM, which was founded by former managing editor of Time-Life publications Ralph Ingersoll, drew top writers, including Ernest Hemingway and Dorothy Parker, and illustrators, including Theodor Seuss Geisel (Dr. Seuss).* Its photographers were among the best in the city, and they were celebrated in the newspaper’s pages. Unlike most tabloids, PM published full-page photographs on expensive, high-quality paper, and on weekends, it ran a one-of-a-kind photography supplement. The paper’s progressive stance extended to its hiring practices: PM’s Margaret Bourke-White and Mary Morris were the first female photographers ever to serve on staff of a daily American newspaper. Helen Levitt, Morris Engel, Irving Haberman, Lisette Model, and Weegee—whose work Behold has featured several times—also appeared in PM.

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In addition to covering PM’s cardinal political topics—rallies, strikes, and the trials facing laborers on the job and at home—the paper’s photographers also captured the vibrancy of New York’s working class. Together, the anger and the joy constitute a portrait of the city that’s, in some ways, timeless. 

“They wanted to show the workers’ lives in a good way. They didn’t just want to show that the living and work conditions were bad. They also wanted to show that these workers had an everyday life where they had some fun.” 

Adam Clayton Powell at the Negro Freedom Rally, Madison Square Garden, June 26, 1944. 

Unknown, courtesy Steven Kasher Gallery

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Left:  Men Searched the Job Boards on Sixth Avenue as Unemployment is Rising Again, June 1940. Right:  Coney Island Embrace, 1938.

Left:  Margaret Bourke-White, courtesy Steven Kasher Gallery. Right:  Morris Engel, courtesy Steven Kasher Gallery.

Heroic Taxi Driver, Leonard Weisberg, Lying Dead at Deadly “Mad Dog” Shoot-Out in Manhattan, Jan. 14, 1941.

Max Peter Haas, courtesy Steven Kasher Gallery

Correction, Feb. 10, 2016: This post originally misspelled Theodor Seuss Geisel’s first name. 

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