Sports Nut

The Knicks Are Even Dumber Than You Think

The NBA is designed to protect teams from their own stupidity. Here’s how New York lost Jeremy Lin anyway.

Jeremy Lin #17 of the New York Knicks dribbles the ball against the Indiana Pacers during their game at Madison Square Garden on March 16, 2012 in New York City.
With the exception of the cagey Rockets, nobody who cared about the fate of Jeremy Lin’s career got what they wanted

Photograph by Al Bello/Getty Images.

Sports fans love surprises. Brian Baker coming back from several lifetimes’ worth of injuries to make a run at Wimbledon. The small-time Butler Bulldogs crashing the Final Four, then doing it again. Jeremy Lin going from an undrafted, unknown point guard to the sports world’s biggest name in two weeks. But the latest twist in Lin’s story—his departure from New York after the Knicks decided not to match the Houston Rockets’ $25.1 million offer sheet—shows that, in pro sports, the best narratives are no
match for mind-blowing managerial incompetence.

The NBA’s rules are designed to protect stupid teams like the Knicks from their own stupidity. The draft lottery rewards the worst franchises with the best picks. The maximum salary ensures that teams won’t spend too much on star players, who are drastically underpaid as compared to their value on an open market. And David Stern’s move to ban players from turning pro out of high school was designed to bring more certainty to player evaluation—to save scouts and general managers the embarrassment of taking a bust like Kwame Brown with the No. 1 pick.

The Knicks prove that no matter how much the league tries to help its least-competent franchises, stupidity always finds a way. New York was smart to pull Lin off the scrap heap, but it took James Dolan’s franchise just a few steps to transform good fortune into the morale-killing eviction of the player who’d revitalized a long-moribund team. With the exception of the cagey Rockets, nobody who cared about the fate of Jeremy Lin’s career—Lin (“Honestly, I preferred New York,” he told, pitchfork-wielding Knicks fans, and the Knicks themselves—got what they wanted this week. And the reason Lin’s offseason has been such a bizarre failure is the same reason his 2012 season was so uplifting: Six months ago, when nobody thought he could play, he landed in exactly the wrong place.

After four years at Harvard, Lin didn’t get picked in the 2010 NBA Draft. When he eventually signed with the Golden State Warriors, the Taiwanese-American point guard took a deal that paid him around $500,000 in his first year. After getting cut by the Warriors and the Rockets the following season, he got an annual salary of $762,195 from the Knicks in 2011-12.

It’s that six-figure deal, not the new one paying $8 million annually, that most misrepresented Lin’s value. Even as he gained a tenured position on the cover of Sports Illustrated, Lin was the best bargain in basketball. The Knicks were getting a franchise point guard for the price of end-of-the-bench, towel-waving roster filler—Chris Paul at Alonzo Gee’s salary.

If Lin had been a coveted college player, he would’ve gotten a longer-term, guaranteed deal instead of a short-term, low-salary contract. But once he started to play like Walt Frazier, Lin had the benefit of becoming a free agent at 23, an age when other players were still locked in to their rookie deals. The Knicks, then, got Lin for cheap at the cost of having to turn around immediately and pay him something closer to market price.

Perhaps it was bad luck for the Knicks to blunder into a rare situation where the NBA’s overprotective rules couldn’t save them. As this New York Times primer explains, the league created the Gilbert Arenas rule in the mid-2000s to make it easier for teams to resign players like Arenas and Lin who’d outplayed their rookie deals. Even though they’re over the salary cap, Lin’s status as a restricted free agent meant the Knicks could match any other team’s contract offer. NBA contract law, though, did not foresee that a team like the Rockets could sign Lin to a booby-trapped offer sheet designed to exploit the Knicks’ comically mismanaged payroll, which allocates more than $62 million to just three players (Carmelo Anthony, Amare Stoudemire, and Tyson Chandler) in 2014-15. As a consequence, the Knicks would have had to pay something like $43 million for the privilege of having Lin in the 2014-15 season—his salary plus exorbitant luxury tax penalties—if they’d matched the Rockets’ offer.* It was that $43 million figure that finally led the NBA’s drunken sailors to sober up.

In allowing Lin to leave, the Knicks front office decided that its bad past decisions will doom the franchise in perpetuity. The team was dumb to sign a series of big-money deals in previous years that would allow a competitor to devise a “poison pill” that capitalized on its fiscal stupidity. But given Lin’s youth, his obvious skills, and the fact that Madison Square Garden ceased for once to be a hulking pile of sadness when he took the floor, it was much, much dumber not to swallow that poison pill anyway. After all, as Matt Yglesias explained earlier this week, the Rockets’ poison pill deal pays Lin roughly $5 million in each of its first two years—a more-than-reasonable rate. If the Knicks didn’t like what they were getting by 2014, they could’ve traded him to an NBA team that wanted to acquire expiring contracts. (Expiring, big-money contracts are strangely valuable in the NBA.)

A business school could design a whole year’s curriculum around the Knicks’ cascade of self-harm. It’s as if the team bought a valuable antique rifle for $1 at a flea market, shot themselves in the foot while fooling around with it, then chose to shoot themselves in the head rather than get the foot amputated. Last year, Jeremy Lin showed how joyous it can be to watch someone prove game after game that every team made a mistake. This July, the Knicks have shown that it’s a lot less fun when it’s just one team that keeps on screwing up.

Correction, July 19, 2012: This article originally stated that the Knicks would’ve had to pay Jeremy Lin around $43 million in 2014-15 if they had matched the Rockets’ offer sheet. New York would’ve had to pay that amount in salary and luxury tax, but Lin would’ve only received his $15 million salary. (Return to corrected sentence.)